• The clinical toxicology of sodium hypochlorite | Request PDF

    The...Request PDF | The clinical toxicology of sodium hypochlorite | Introduction: Sodium hypochlorite is used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent and is commonly found in household bleach.

  • Neurological complications following extrusion of sodium ...

    Clinical...Gatot A, Arbelle J, Leiberman A, Yani-Inbar I (1991) Effects of sodium hypochlorite on soft tissues after its inadvertent injection beyond the root apex. Journal of Endodontics 17, 573–4. Gernhardt CR, Eppendorf K, Kozlowski A, Brandt M (2004) Toxicity of sodium hypochlorite used as an endodontic irrigant.

  • Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite) - dogs | Lort Smith Animal Hospital

    CachedIn severe cases following ingestion of sodium hypochlorite, animals may require oxygen, intravenous fluids, warming, gastroprotectants, pain killers, anti-inflammatories and tests such as blood tests and x-rays to rule out aspiration pneumonia and gastric perforation.

  • Spectrum of sodium hypochlorite toxicity in man—also a ...

    academic.oup.com/ckj/article/4/4/231/344459 CachedPharmacology of hypochlorite NaOCl is a chemical compound consisting of sodium, oxygen and chlorine. It is manufactured using by bubbling chlorine gas into sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to form equal amounts of NaOCl and NaCl. Typical concentrations found in commercial bleach products range between 3 and 5% solution with an approximate pH of 11 [ 2 ]. Author: Brandon Peck, Biruh Workeneh, Huseyin Kadikoy, Samir J. Patel, Abdul AbdellatifCited by: 12Publish Year: 2011

  • Sodium hypochlorite | NaOCl - PubChem

    pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/.../Sodium-hypochloriteSodium Hypochlorite is a chlorine compound often used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent. Sodium hypochlorite in 0.5% w/v solution is called Dakin's solution, and is used as an antiseptic to clean infected topical wounds. Sodium hypochlorite is an inorganic sodium salt in which hypochlorite is the counterion.

  • Chlorine Inhalation: The Big Picture: Journal of Toxicology ...

    Jul 29, 2009 · Chlorine Inhalation The Big Picture. ... sodium hypochlorite and muriatic acid, were injected. ... Clinical Toxicology. Volume 33, 1995 - Issue 4.

  • Industrias AlEn 0 Research & Development 2 1 Safety Data Sheet

    Contains sodium hypochlorite (RQ = 100 lb/45.4 kg) and sodium hydroxide (RQ = 1000 lb/454 kg) which are regulated under Sections 301, 307 and 311. This product contains the following components subject to reporting requirements: sodium hypochlorite and sodium hydroxide. Clean Air Act: Massachusetts Substance List: Not applicable. File Size: 289KBPage Count: 8

  • First Aid for Sodium Hypochlorite Poisoning

    CachedMar 02, 2018 · Sodium Hypochlorite Poisoning is the accidental or intentional intake (swallowing, breathing-in, or skin contact) of any product containing the compound The condition is diagnosed based upon the clinical history, combination of signs and symptoms, and additional tests (that may include, in some cases, radiological studies and laboratory tests)

  • The Clinical Toxicology Of Sodium Hypochlorite. - Image Results

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  • Spectrum of sodium hypochlorite toxicity in man—also a ...

    /pmc/articles/PMC4421444Apr 07, 2011 · Pharmacology of hypochlorite NaOCl is a chemical compound consisting of sodium, oxygen and chlorine. It is manufactured using by bubbling chlorine gas into sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to form equal amounts of NaOCl and NaCl. Typical concentrations found in commercial bleach products range between 3 and 5% solution with an approximate pH of 11 [ 2 ]. Author: Brandon Peck, Biruh Workeneh, Huseyin Kadikoy, Samir J. Patel, Abdul AbdellatifCited by: 12Publish Year: 2011

  • Sodium hypochlorite poisoning - Mount Sinai Health System

    /.../sodium-hypochlorite-poisoning CachedSodium hypochlorite is a chemical commonly found in bleach, water purifiers, and cleaning products. Sodium hypochlorite is a caustic chemical. If it contacts tissues, it can cause injury. Swallowing sodium hypochlorite can lead to poisoning. Breathing sodium hypochlorite fumes may also cause poisoning, especially if the product is mixed with ...

  • Safety Data Sheet - Sultan Healthcare

    Toxicity: Fish (clupea harengus) LC50 .033 - .097 mg/l 96h Persistence and Degradability: Sodium hypochlorite is sensible to the light with decomposition in chlorate and chloride. Half-life of 10-15% available chlorine solution will be reduced 3-4 times by sunlight. Very unstable at pH under 11 with decomposition in chlorine.

  • Sensitization to sodium hypochlorite causing hand dermatitis ...

    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1600...2 patterns are reported with chronic hand dermatitis related lo sensitization to sodium hypochlorite, as the active component in a bleaching product. To avoid irritant reactions in patch testing, a sodium hypochlorite concentration of 1.0% appeared to be useful. Author: J. M. W. Habets, A. M. Geursen‐Reitsma, E. Stolz, Th. van JoostCited by: 23Publish Year: 1986

  • The Antibacterial Efficacy and In Vivo Toxicity of Sodium ...

    CachedThe objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy against Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus mutans and in vivo toxicity using embryonic zebrafish assays of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and electrolyzed oxidizing (EO) water (containing hypochlorous acid (HOCl))-based root canal irrigating solutions. Methodology: Using 100 μL microbial count of 1 × 108 cfu/mL ... Author: Sung-Chih Hsieh, Nai-Chia Teng, Chia Chun Chu, You-Tai Chu, Chung-He Chen, Liang-Yu Chang, Chieh-Yun...Publish Year: 2020

  • Sodium hypochlorite - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_hypo_chlorite CachedSodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl or NaClO, comprising a sodium cation and a hypochlorite anion. It may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. The anhydrous compound is unstable and may decompose explosively. It can be crystallized as a pentahydrate NaOCl·5H 2O, a pale greenish-yellow solid which is not explosive and is stable if kept refrigerated. Sodium hypochlorite is most often encountered as a pale greenish-yellow dilute solution ... Chemical formula: NaOClRTECS number: NH3486300EC Number: 231-668-3UN number: 1791

  • Toxicity of concentrated sodium hypochlorite used as an ...

    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0143-2885...Aim To present a clinical case that illustrates the toxicity of concentrated sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on vital tissues. Summary The severe clinical consequences of extruding concentrated NaOCl into the periradicular tissues during root canal irrigation are described. After diagnosis of external resorption in tooth 34, endodontic treatment ... Author: C. R. Gernhardt, K. Eppendorf, A. Kozlowski, M. BrandtCited by: 212Publish Year: 2004

  • The clinical toxicology of sodium hypochlorite: Clinical ...

    Introduction: Sodium hypochlorite is used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent and is commonly found in household bleach. Objective: The objective is to review critically the epidemiology, mechanisms of toxicity, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of hypochlorite poisoning. Author: Robin J. Slaughter, Martin Watts, J. Allister Vale, Jacob R. Grieve, Leo J. SchepCited by: 5Publish Year: 2019

  • Sodium hypochlorite topical Uses, Side Effects & Warnings ...

    /mtm/sodium-hypochlorite-topical.html CachedJun 17, 2019 · Sodium hypochlorite topical is an antibiotic that fights bacteria. Sodium hypochlorite topical is used to treat or prevent infections caused by cuts or abrasions, skin ulcers, pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, or surgery. Sodium hypochlorite topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Important Information. 10/10 Drug class: Antiseptic and germicidesBrand names: Di-Dak-Sol, Hysept, Anasept Cleanser, Anasept, Dakins Full Strength Solution

  • Sodium hypochlorite - Registration Dossier - ECHA

    echa.europa.eu/registration-dossier/-/registered... CachedThe study by Kilgour and Baker (1994) was designed to evaluate the influence of many variables (season and place of animals' collection and experimental protocol) on the toxicity of sodium hypochlorite to Dreissena polimorpha.

  • Material Safety Data Sheet - Olin Chlor Alkali

    olinchloralkali.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/...Product name: Sodium Hypochlorite, 17-30% Issue Date: 00.00.0000 Page 7 of 11 Acute dermal toxicity Prolonged skin contact is unlikely to result in absorption of harmful amounts. LD50, Rabbit, > 5,000 mg/kg Acute inhalation toxicity Excessive exposure may cause irritation to upper respiratory tract (nose and throat) and lungs.

  • Toxicity of Household Bleach | Sciencing

    sciencing.com/toxicity-household-bleach-21461.html CachedSodium hypochlorite, however, is the active ingredient and the one responsible for the actual "bleaching" action -- the chemical reactions that destroy bacteria on countertops and dyes or stains on clothes. Usual concentrations of sodium hypochlorite in bleach range from 5 to 10 percent.

  • Hypochlorite - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    hypochloriteA Classical liquid–sodium hypochlorite (bleach) Decontamination methods employing hypochlorite formulations have some corrosive and toxic side effects. A Chlorox ® (hypochlorite) solution is composed of household bleach, which is about 5% sodium hypochlorite. Thus, for a 0.5% solution, bleach is mixed with 9 parts water, although even this ...

  • Toxicology Brief: Sodium hypochlorite bleach ingestion in two ...

    toxicology-brief-sodium... CachedIn conclusion, sodium hypochlorite bleach ingestion is a potentially fatal toxicosis, and affected animals may present with severe clinical signs and metabolic derangements.

  • Chlorine Bleaches - Toxicology - Merck Veterinary Manual

    toxicology/household... CachedThe relative hazard of a particular bleach product depends on the concentration of hypochlorite, pH, and dilution of the product. In general, levels of hypochlorite <10% tend to be mild irritants; however, if the product has a pH >11 or <3.5, alkaline or acid corrosive injury may occur.

  • Sodium Hypochlorite Pulpotomies in Primary Molars: Comparison ...

    clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02137967 CachedMay 14, 2014 · Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) has been used in root canal irrigant for more than 80 years, and it is at present the most popular irrigant in root canal treatment. Studies have showed that NaOCl is biological compatible and is a very good antimicrobial solution without being a pulpal irritant.

  • Sodium Hypochlorite - Medical Countermeasures Database - CHEMM

    chemm.nlm.nih.gov/countermeasure_sodium... CachedSodium hypochlorite, commonly known as bleach, is a chemical used in applications ranging from household cleaning to the decontamination of chemical warfare agents (CWAs). As a decontaminant agent, sodium hypochlorite has been used and tested specifically to neutralize or remove traces of blister or nerve agents on skin, military equipment, or in soils near weapons storage and destruction facilities.

  • People also ask What are the toxic effects of sodium and calcium hypochlorite? The toxic effects of sodium and calcium hypochlorite are primarily due to the corrosive properties of the hypochlorite moiety. Hypochlorite causes tissue damage by liquefaction necrosis. Fats and proteins are saponified, resulting in deep tissue destruction. Further injury is caused by thrombosis of blood vessels. ATSDR - Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs): Calcium Hypochlori…

    &tid=192See all results for this question What are the different types of sodium hypochlorite poisoning? Antiformin Poisoning. Bleach Poisoning. Carrel-Dakin Solution Poisoning. Chloride of Soda Poisoning. Clorox Poisoning. Jiasu's Chloronium Sauce Poisoning. Liquid Bleach Poisoning. Modified Dakin's Solution Poisoning. Sodium Hypochlorite Toxicity. Surgical Chlorinated Soda Solution Poisoning. First Aid for Sodium Hypochlorite Poisoning

  • Sodium hypochlorite poisoning - Penn State Hershey Medical Center

    pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=117&pid=... CachedSodium hypochlorite is a chemical commonly found in bleach, water purifiers, and cleaning products. Sodium hypochlorite is a caustic chemical. If it contacts tissues, it can cause injury. Swallowing sodium hypochlorite can lead to poisoning. Breathing sodium hypochlorite fumes may also cause poisoning, especially if the product is mixed with ammonia.

  • Toxic Substances Portal - Calcium Hypochlorite/Sodium ...

    /mmg/mmg.asp?id=927&tid=192 CachedOct 21, 2014 · The toxic effects of sodium and calcium hypochlorite are primarily due to the corrosive properties of the hypochlorite moiety. Hypochlorite causes tissue damage by liquefaction necrosis. Fats and proteins are saponified, resulting in deep tissue destruction.

  • Severe tissue damage and neurological deficit following ...

    Jun 25, 2005 · Sodium hypochlorite is a toxic material and should be handled with care. Accidents, while rare, can result in distressing and severe complications for the patient. In the event of an accident the... Author: R Witton, P A BrennanCited by: 72Publish Year: 2005

  • Sodium hypochlorite - toxicity, ecological toxicity and ...

    pesticideinfo.org/Detail_Chemical.jsp?Rec_Id=PRI5804 CachedHousehold bleaches usually contain about 5% sodium hypochlorite (about pH11 irritant) and more concentrated bleaches contain 10-15% sodium hypochlorite (about pH13 corrosive). Rinse contaminated clothes (fire hazard) with plenty of water. Clorox and Javel water are trade names. Also consult ICSC #1119 (Sodium hypochlorite active chlorine >10%).

  • The clinical toxicology of sodium hypochlorite.

    /pubmed/30689457The clinical toxicology of sodium hypochlorite. Slaughter RJ(1), Watts M(1)(2), Vale JA(3), Grieve JR(4), Schep LJ(1). Author information: (1)a National Poisons Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. (2)b Emergency Department, Southland Hospital, Invercargill, New Zealand. Author: Robin J. Slaughter, Martin Watts, J. Allister Vale, Jacob R. Grieve, Leo J. SchepCited by: 5Publish Year: 2019

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