• Implications of Aquaglyceroporin 7 in Energy Metabolism

    CachedThe aquaglyceroporin AQP7 is a pore-forming transmembrane protein that facilitates the transport of glycerol across cell membranes. Glycerol is utilized both in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is primarily stored in white adipose tissue as part of the triglyceride molecules. During states with increased lipolysis, such as fasting and diabetes, glycerol is released from adipose tissue and ... Author: Francesco Maria Iena, Janne LebeckCited by: 6Publish Year: 2018

  • Glycerol: a neglected variable in metabolic processes ...

    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bies.1073Glycerol has long been known to play fundamental roles in several vital physiological processes, in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and is an important intermediate of energy metabolism. Despite some differences in the details of their operation, many of these mechanisms have been preserved throughout evolution, demonstrating their fundamental ... Author: Diane Brisson, Marie-Claude Vohl, Julie St-Pierre, Thomas J. Hudson, Daniel GaudetCited by: 202Publish Year: 2001

  • Frontiers | Palmitic Acid: Physiological Role, Metabolism and ...

    CachedPalmitic acid (PA) has been for long time negatively depicted for its putative detrimental health effects, shadowing its multiple crucial physiological activities. PA is the most common saturated fatty acid accounting for 20–30% of total fatty acids in the human body and can be provided in the diet or synthesized endogenously via de novo lipogenesis (DNL). Author: Gianfranca Carta, Elisabetta Murru, Sebastiano Banni, Claudia MancaCited by: 66Publish Year: 2017

  • Effect of Burn Trauma on Lipid and Glucose Metabolism ...

    academic.oup.com/jbcr/article/39/5/713/4693821 CachedFurthermore, while glycerol supports ~5% of gluconeogenesis in fasted lean individuals, under conditions where lipolysis is increased, glycerol can be responsible for 20–30% of HGP. 57 Since glycerol delivery to the liver is 3- to 4-fold elevated in patients with severe burns, suggests that glycerol may drive as much as 20% of the HGP seen in ... Author: Robert P Clayton, Robert P Clayton, David N Herndon, David N Herndon, Nicola Abate, Craig Porter, Cr...Cited by: 1Publish Year: 2018

  • Effect of dissolved oxygen on l -methionine production from ...

    link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10295-020-02264-w Cachedl-Methionine is an essential amino acid in humans, which plays an important role in the synthesis of some important amino acids and proteins. In this work, metabolic flux of batch fermentation of l-methionine with recombinant Escherichia coli W3110BL was analyzed using the flux balance analysis method, which estimated the intracellular flux distributions under different dissolved oxygen ... Author: Kun Niu, Yue-Ying Xu, Wang-Jie Wu, Hai-Yan Zhou, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo ZhengPublish Year: 2020

  • Modifications of the metabolic pathways of lipid and ...

    /pmc/articles/PMC3234195Algal lipid metabolism from de novo fatty acid biosynthesis to the formation of complex glycerolipids is similar to that of the plant cells. Higher plants have differentiated organs, each of which performs specific physiological functions, and contains specific biochemical pathways. Author: Wei-Luen Yu, William Ansari, Nathan G Schoepp, Michael J Hannon, Stephen P Mayfield, Michael D Burka...Cited by: 183Publish Year: 2011

  • Lipid Peroxidation: Production, Metabolism, and Signaling ...

    /pmc/articles/PMC4066722May 08, 2014 · Given the enormity of this field, this review focuses on biochemical concepts of lipid peroxidation, production, metabolism, and signaling mechanisms of two main omega-6 fatty acids lipid peroxidation products: malondialdehyde (MDA) and, in particular, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), summarizing not only its physiological and protective function ... Author: Antonio Ayala, Mario F. Muñoz, Sandro ArgüellesCited by: 1765Publish Year: 2014

  • Lipid metabolism and its implications for type 1 diabetes ...

    jme.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/jme/58/4/R... CachedLipid metabolism and diabetic cardiomyopathy. As far back as the 1970s, Regan and coworkers demonstrated increased deposition of cholesterol and triglycerides in ventricular autopsy specimens of individuals with diabetes compared to those without (Regan et al. 1977). Author: Rebecca H Ritchie, Eser J Zerenturk, Darnel Prakoso, Anna C CalkinCited by: 13Publish Year: 2017

  • Lipid - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipid CachedIn biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a macrobiomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents. Non-polar solvents are typically hydrocarbons used to dissolve other naturally occurring hydrocarbon lipid molecules that do not (or do not easily) dissolve in water, including fatty acids, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides ...

  • Comparative energetics and kinetics of autotrophic lipid and ...

    biotechnologyforbiofuels.biomedcentral.com/... CachedChen YH, Walker TH: Biomass and lipid production of heterotrophic microalgae chlorella protothecoides by using biodiesel-derived crude glycerol. Biotechnol Lett. 2011, 33 (10): 1973-1983. 10.1007/s10529-011-0672-y. Author: Sowmya Subramanian, Amanda N Barry, Shayani Pieris, Richard T SayreCited by: 87Publish Year: 2013

  • Implications of glycerol metabolism for lipid production ...

    The relevance among glycerol metabolism, G3P synthesis and lipid production is described, and the role of G3P in glycerol metabolism and lipid production are discussed in detail with an emphasis on how G3P affects lipid production through the modulation of glycerol metabolism. Observations of lipid metabolic changes due to glycerol related ... Author: Lu-Lu Xue, Lu-Lu Xue, Hao-Hong Chen, Jian-Guo JiangCited by: 10Publish Year: 2017

  • Implications of glycerol metabolism for lipid production

    Download Citation | Implications of glycerol metabolism for lipid production | Triacylglycerol (TAG) is an important product in oil-producing organisms. Biosynthesis of TAG can be completed ...

  • Metabolism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolic_regulation CachedMetabolism (/ m ə ˈ t æ b ə l ɪ z ə m /, from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in organisms.The three main purposes of metabolism are: the conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes; the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates; and the elimination of ...

  • Lipid Metabolism | Anatomy and Physiology II

    courses.lumenlearning.com/.../lipid-metabolism CachedLipid metabolism entails the oxidation of fatty acids to either generate energy or synthesize new lipids from smaller constituent molecules. Lipid metabolism is associated with carbohydrate metabolism, as products of glucose (such as acetyl CoA) can be converted into lipids.

  • Maternal Lipid Metabolism and Its Implications for Fetal Growth

    pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a70a/3ad50552b1369ea5...in the liver into their respective active forms, FFA to acyl-CoA and glycerol to glycerol-3-phosphate, they may be used for esterification in triglyceride synthesis, or for ketone body production in the case of FFA, or glucose synthesis in the case FIG. 1. Major changes in lipid metabolism taking place during late gestation. At this stage,

  • AQP7 is localized in capillaries of adipose tissue, cardiac ...

    Implications of Aquaglyceroporin 7 in Energy Metabolism 4 January 2018 | International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1 Lipopolysaccharide Modifies Glycerol Permeability and Metabolism in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Author: Mariusz T. Skowronski, Janne Lebeck, Aleksandra Rojek, Jeppe Praetorius, Ernst-Martin Füchtbauer, Jø...Cited by: 146Publish Year: 2007

  • Glycerol metabolism and its regulation in lactic acid bacteria

    link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-019-09830-y CachedGlycerol is one of the most important substrates involved in phospholipid biosynthesis, along with dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) as an intermediate of glycolysis. Organisms produce glycerol 3-phosphate (G3P) from endogenous DHAP and/or exogenous glycerol to synthesize glycerophospholipids from G3P. On the other hand, organisms can utilize glycerol as a carbon source to generate adenosine ... Author: Yuki DoiCited by: 1Publish Year: 2019

  • Engineering of a Glycerol Utilization Pathway for Amino Acid ...

    aem.asm.org/content/74/20/6216 CachedThe amino acid-producing organism Corynebacterium glutamicum cannot utilize glycerol, a stoichiometric by-product of biodiesel production. By heterologous expression of Escherichia coli glycerol utilization genes, C. glutamicum was engineered to grow on glycerol. While expression of the E. coli genes for glycerol kinase ( glpK ) and glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase ( glpD ) was sufficient ... Author: Doris Rittmann, Steffen N. Lindner, Volker F. WendischCited by: 122Publish Year: 2008

  • 24.3 Lipid Metabolism – Anatomy and Physiology

    opentextbc.ca/.../chapter/24-4-lipid-metabolism CachedFigure 6. Lipid Metabolism. Lipids may follow one of several pathways during metabolism. Glycerol and fatty acids follow different pathways. Chapter Review. Lipids are available to the body from three sources. They can be ingested in the diet, stored in the adipose tissue of the body, or synthesized in the liver.

  • Lipid Metabolism - GitHub Pages

    oerpub.github.io/epubjs-demo-book/content/m46462.xhtml CachedLipid metabolism entails the oxidation of fatty acids to either generate energy or synthesize new lipids from smaller constituent molecules. Lipid metabolism is associated with carbohydrate metabolism, as products of glucose (such as acetyl CoA) can be converted into lipids.

  • Catabolism of Lipids and Proteins | Microbiology

    courses.lumenlearning.com/microbiology/chapter/... CachedLipid Catabolism. Triglycerides are a form of long-term energy storage in animals. They are made of glycerol and three fatty acids (see Figure 1 in Lipids). Phospholipids compose the cell and organelle membranes of all organisms except the archaea.

  • (PDF) Glycerol metabolism and its implication in virulence in ...

    One sentence summary: The metabolism of glycerol and glycerol-containing lipid molecules is a key aspect in the biology of Mycoplasma species.

  • Lipid Peroxidation: Production, Metabolism, and Signaling ...

    /journals/omcl/2014/360438 CachedLipid peroxidation can be described generally as a process under which oxidants such as free radicals attack lipids containing carbon-carbon double bond(s), especially polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Over the last four decades, an extensive body of literature regarding lipid peroxidation has shown its important role in cell biology and human health. Since the early 1970s, the total ... Author: Antonio Ayala, Mario F. Muñoz, Sandro ArgüellesCited by: 1765Publish Year: 2014

  • AQP7 is localized in capillaries of adipose tissue, cardiac ...

    AQP7 is localized in capillaries of adipose tissue, cardiac and striated muscle: implications in glycerol metabolism. Mariusz T. Skowronski, Janne Lebeck, Aleksandra Rojek, Jeppe Praetorius, Ernst-Martin Füchtbauer, Jørgen Frøkiær, and ; Søren Nielsen Author: Mariusz T. Skowronski, Janne Lebeck, Aleksandra Rojek, Jeppe Praetorius, Ernst-Martin Füchtbauer, Jø...Cited by: 146Publish Year: 2007

  • Implications of glycerol metabolism for lipid production ...

    As far as glycerol is concerned, its role in lipid metabolism has not been totally understood. Future studies are still needed to unravel the complex relationship between glycerol metabolism and lipid production in mammals. 3.2. Effects of glycerol metabolism on lipid production in plants. The major site for lipid storage in plants is seeds. Author: Lu-Lu Xue, Lu-Lu Xue, Hao-Hong Chen, Jian-Guo JiangCited by: 10Publish Year: 2017

  • Lipid Metabolism Summary - Elmhurst College

    chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/622overview.html CachedThe metabolism of both is upset by diabetes mellitus. The first step in lipid metabolism is the hydrolysis of the lipid in the cytoplasm to produce glycerol and fatty acids. Since glycerol is a three carbon alcohol, it is metabolized quite readily into an intermediate in glycolysis, dihydroxyacetone phosphate.

  • People also ask What enzyme is responsible for the catabolism of lipids? These enzymes contribute to the virulence of certain microbes, such as the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. These microbes use phospholipases to destroy lipids and phospholipids in host cells and then use the catabolic products for energy (see Virulence Factors of Bacterial and Viral Pathogens). Catabolism of Lipids and Proteins | Microbiology

    courses.lumenlearning.com/microbiology/chapter/catabolism-of-lipids-and-proteins/See all results for this question What is the process of the metabolism of a lipid? The major aspects of lipid metabolism are involved with Fatty Acid Oxidation to produce energy or the synthesis of lipids which is called Lipogenesis. Lipid metabolism is closely connected to the metabolism of carbohydrates which may be converted to fats. Lipid Metabolism Summary

  • Membrane Fatty Acid Transporters as Regulators of Lipid ...

    journals.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/physrev...In this review we discuss our current understanding of the role of membrane fatty acid transporters in cellular lipid metabolism, focusing on both the acute and chronic regulation of cellular fatty acid uptake and on chronic metabolic diseases, including myocardial disease, insulin resistance, and types 1 and 2 diabetes. Author: Jan F. C. Glatz, Joost J. F. P. Luiken, Arend BonenCited by: 675Publish Year: 2010

  • CSIRO PUBLISHING | Animal Production Science

    CachedThe optimised use of mixed crude glycerin (MCG) and ractopamine hydrochloride (RH) in diets for finishing pigs requires a better understanding of glycerol metabolism. Therefore, the present study evaluated the performance, blood parameters, metabolite concentrations in the Longissimus lumborum muscle and the activity of enzymes in the liver, subcutaneous adipose tissue and kidney of pigs fed ... Author: A. B. F. Pinto, L. de P. Naves, I. G. Lima, C. A. P. Garbossa, S. R. Silva, A. M. S. Barbosa, C. L. ...Publish Year: 2019

  • Lipid Metabolism - Western Oregon University

    wou.edu/~guralnl/gural/451Lipid Metabolism.pdfpalmitate for ATP production and energy yield • Mobilization of Triacylglycerols from adipose tissue – hormonal control: glucagon, epinephrine – lipases – transport by lipoproteins – fate of glycerol • transport into cytoplasm of cell File Size: 972KBPage Count: 17

  • Lipid overview | eClinpath

    eclinpath.com/chemistry/energy-metabolism/lipid-overview CachedLipid metabolism involves the interactions of lipoproteins, which enable the transport of lipids in the circulation, and hormones that modify lipoproteins or control fat synthesis or breakdown. There are several different lipoproteins, with the main ones being chylomicrons (CM), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins. These vary in ...

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