• A Guide to Glycols - Dow Chemical Company

    msdssearch.dow.com/PublishedLiteratureDOWCOM/dh_091b/...A Guide to Glycols 10 Glycol-based solutions can give excellent burst protection across a wide range of cold temperatures as indicated in Figure 1. Consideration should be given to having appropriate expansion space for the solution and to the need for an inhibited glycol-based product such as DOWFROST*,

  • Viscosity of Glycerol and Its Aqueous Solutions

    edge.rit.edu/edge/P13051/public/Research Notes/Viscosity...ured the viscosities of glycerol solutions at temperatures from 0" to -40" C., within the limits of the freezing points of the solutions. Tammann and Hesse (17) measured the viscosity of 99.5% glycerol at temperatures from -42' to -4.2" C. The viscosity of pure glycerol at pressures up to 12,000 kg. per sq. cm.,

  • Table 8-3-1 - Properties of mixture Water/Glycol

    detector-cooling.web.cern.ch/data/Table 8-3-1.htm CachedTable 8-3-1 - Properties of mixture Water/Glycol ... Cinematic viscosity X10-6 [m 2 /s] Monoethylenglycol C2H4(OH)2. 20-10-10 0 20 40 60 80 100: 1038 1036 1030 1022

  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL INDUSTRIAL - lyondellbasell.com

    PROPYLENE... CachedPropylene Glycol Industrial Grade (PGI) is a colorless, odorless and slightly viscous liquid. Because of its versatility propylene glycol is used in a variety of applications in aqueous solutions and over a wide temperature range.

  • Kinematic Viscosity Table Chart of Liquids - Engineers Edge

    /fluid_flow/kinematic...Kinematic Viscosity The ratio of the absolute viscosity of a liquid to its density frequently occurs in the study of viscosity and hydraulics and the term "kinematic viscosity" with the symbol V has been assigned to it where p is the density. In the metric system, the unit of kinematic viscosity is the square centimeter per second or the stoke.

  • Ethylene Glycol - MEGlobal

    Ethylene Glycol 3 9/12/13 Ethylene Glycol: HOCH 2 CH 2 OH CAS Registry Number: 107-21-1 Synonyms: 1, 2-Ethanediol Glycol EG Monoethylene glycol Ethylene glycol is a colorless, practically odorless, low-

  • Density, Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of Aqueous ...

    The density, viscosity, and thermal conductivity of propylene glycol + water, dipropylene glycol + water, and tripropylene glycol + water mixtures were measured at temperatures ranging from 290 K ...

  • DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid

    /webapps/include/GetDoc.aspx?filepath=...Inhibited propylene glycol-based heat transfer fluid for use in secondary heating and cooling, freeze and burst protection of pipes, and various defrosting, deicing, and dehumidifying applications Created Date: 10/25/2019 11:19:37 AM

  • Viscosity of aqueous solutions of poly(ethylene glycol)s at ...

    Considering Eyring's theory of rate processes applied to viscous flow, the relation of viscosity coefficient B (kg mol −1), which is derived from Eq. (7), is (8) B=d o 1 V o 1 − V ̄ ∞ 2 + β G M 1 RT where V 1 o is the molar volume of the solvent, M 1 is the molecular weight of the solvent, R is the gas constant, T is the absolute temperature, d 1 o is the density of the solvent and β ... Author: Stanislava Kirinčič, Cveto KlofutarCited by: 111Publish Year: 1999


    Preliminary studies into the influence of different concentrations of substances, which reduce viscosity, on the magnitude of density and viscosity of aqueous solutions of propylene glycol, were ...

  • Propylene Glycol based Heat-Transfer Fluids

    /propylene-glycol-d... CachedComparing Secondary Coolants - Specific gravity, freezing points and viscosity for secondary coolants like calcium chloride, sodium chloride, ethylene glycol and propylene glycol Density of Ethanol Water Mixtures - Density of Ethyl Alcohol aqueous solutions

  • Dynamic Viscosity of common Liquids - Engineering ToolBox

    /absolute-viscosity... CachedCrude oil viscosity as function of gravity - Viscosity at 20°C/68°F and 50°C/122°F for more than 120 crudes is shown as function of specific [email protected]°C/60°F Dynamic or Absolute Viscosity Converting Chart - Dynamic viscosity converting chart with units like Poiseuille - Poise - centiPoise and more

  • Density, viscosity, surface tension, and molar volume of ...

    T. Sun, A.S. TejaDensity, viscosity and thermal conductivity of aqueous solutions of propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, and tripropylene glycol between 290 K and 460 K J. Chem. Eng. Data, 49 (2004), pp. 1311-1317 Author: Ibrahim S. Khattab, Farzana Bandarkar, Maryam Khoubnasabjafari, Abolghasem JouybanCited by: 29Publish Year: 2017

  • Viscosity Of Propylene Glycol Solutions - Image Results

    More Viscosity Of Propylene Glycol Solutions images

  • Poly(propylene glycol) | Sigma-Aldrich

    /catalog/substance/poly... CachedSigma-Aldrich offers a number of Poly(propylene glycol) products. View information & documentation regarding Poly(propylene glycol), including CAS, MSDS & more.

  • Aqueous Solutions of Polyethylene Glycol Density and ...

    ~fcamacho/Originales/Trabajos Publicados/JCED...The densities and viscosities of concentrated aqueous solutions of polyethylene glycol (10-50 mass %) have been measured. The polyethylene glycol samples had average molecular masses of 8000,3350, and 1000. The values of the density from 277 to 298 K show a linear variation with the polyethylene glycol concentration File Size: 288KBPage Count: 5

  • Which to Use: Ethylene or Propylene Glycol? | 2017-08-01 ...

    CachedAug 01, 2017 · Table 2 compares the viscosity of both ethylene glycol and propylene glycol. Specific gravity is a referenced physical property when working with glycol solutions. With a direct relationship to density, it is important to consider data on specific gravity in the calculation of a number of engineering expressions.

  • People also ask How can you tell if glycol is ethylene or propylene? Ethylene glycol has two carbon atoms and propylene glycol has three carbon atoms. Ethylene glycol has the chemical formula C Ethylene glycol is more toxic than propylene glycol. So when safer properties are required in industries, ethylene glycol is replaced with propylene glycol. Difference Between Ethylene and Propylene Glycol - DifferenceBetween…

    propylene-glycol/See all results for this question Why is ethylene glycol used in coolant? Ethylene glycol is a chemical commonly used in many commercial and industrial applications including antifreeze and coolant. Ethylene glycol helps keep your car's engine from freezing in the winter and acts as a coolant to reduce overheating in the summer. What is Ethylene Glycol? - americanchemistry.com

  • Propylene glycol - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propylene_glycol CachedEstimates on the prevalence of propylene glycol allergy range from 0.8% (10% propylene glycol in aqueous solution) to 3.5% (30% propylene glycol in aqueous solution). [61] [62] [63] The North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) data from 1996 to 2006 showed that the most common site for propylene glycol contact dermatitis was the face (25 ... Chemical formula: C₃H₈O₂Molar mass: 76.095 g·mol−1Melting point: −59 °C (−74 °F; 214 K)Solubility in water: Miscible

  • Viscosities of aqueous glycol solutions | Journal of Chemical ...

    pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/je60039a010Density, Viscosity, and Excess Properties for Aqueous Poly(ethylene glycol) Solutions from (298.15 to 323.15) K. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 2008, 53 (11), 2598-2601. DOI: 10.1021/je800464t. Author: Frederick S. Jerome, J. T. Tseng, Liang Tseng. FanCited by: 31Publish Year: 1968

  • Mokon GTF Propylene Glycol Technical Data

    glycol-solutions/...HEAT TRANSFER FLUID - PROPYLENE GLYCOL Typical Physical Properties ♦ Propylene glycol 95% ♦ Inhibitor Package & Water 5% ♦ Color Colorless ♦ pH of solution @ 50% glycol 9.0 – 10.5 ♦ Specific gravity @ 60/60 °F 1.050 – 1.060 ♦ Reserve Alkalinity (min) 11.0 ml


    handbook.ashrae.org/Handbooks/F17/SI/f17_ch31/f... CachedInstead of freezing, propylene glycol solutions supercool and become a glass (a liquid with extremely high viscosity and the appearance and properties of a noncrystalline amorphous solid). On the dilute side of the eutectic (the mixture at which freezing produces a solid phase of the same composition), ice forms on freezing; on the concentrated ...

  • Engineering and Operating Guide for DOWFROST and DOWFROST HD ...

    msdssearch.dow.com/PublishedLiteratureDOWCOM/dh_010e/...ethylene glycol fluids: viscosity and toxicity. Ethylene glycol-based fluids are less viscous than propylene glycol-based fluids. Therefore, they generally provide superior heat transfer efficiency and better low temperature performance and are preferred for most heat transfer applications. However, in applications where tox-icity is a concern ... File Size: 821KBPage Count: 44

  • Viscosity of Automotive antifreeze – viscosity table and ...

    wiki.anton-paar.com/en/automotive-antifreeze CachedThe main ingredient in most coolants is ethylene glycol or propylene glycol. Automotive antifreeze keeps the cooling water from freezing in winter and from boiling in summer. A further task is to lubricate the cooling system, such as the water pump. Most antifreezes contain corrosion inhibitors and other additives, like foam depressants.

  • Density, Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of Aqueous ...

    pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/je049960hJul 02, 2004 · The density, viscosity, and thermal conductivity of propylene glycol + water, dipropylene glycol + water, and tripropylene glycol + water mixtures were measured at temperatures ranging from 290 K to 460 K and concentrations ranging from 25 mol % glycol to 100 mol % glycol. Our data generally agreed with the limited data available in the literature and were correlated using empirical ... Author: Tongfan Sun, Amyn S. TejaCited by: 75Publish Year: 2004

  • Thermophysical Properties of Aqueous Solutions Used as ...

    :12169/FULLTEXT01.pdfstrictly only be used about aqueous salt solutions. The termsecon-dary working fluidis in agreement with the Call for papers to the 22nd Int. IIR Congress of Refrigeration in Beijing, August 2007. Aqueous solutions (water solutions) have long been used as sin-gle phase (liquid only) secondary working fluids for cooling in su-

  • Viscosity of Propylene Glycol Solutions | Protocol ...

    CachedOverview. Fuente: Michael G. Benton y Kerry M. Dooley, Departamento de ingeniería química, Universidad Estatal de Louisiana, Baton Rouge, LA. La viscosidad es una medida de la resistencia de un fluido a fluir, y es un parámetro útil en el diseño de procesamiento de productos eficiente y control de calidad en una amplia gama de industrias.

  • Viscosity of Propylene Glycol Solutions | Protocol

    CachedViscosity of Propylene Glycol Solutions. JoVE, Cambridge, MA, (2020). Principles. Kinematic viscosity is the ratio of dynamic viscosity to density. The ratio of shear stress to the shear rate is the dynamic viscosity of a fluid, which is a measure of the resistance to deformation in laminar flow for a Newtonian fluid.

  • Properties of solutions - UPM

    webserver.dmt.upm.es/~isidoro/bk3/c07sol/Solution...Properties of some particular solutions 2 . Annex 1. Salt water solutions We study here basically aqueous solutions of common salt (NaCl, =0.023+0.0355=0.0585 kg/mol), i.e. M water / sodium-chloride liquid mixtures, called brines. Although the main motivation is the study of sea

  • Engineering and Operating Guide for DOWTHERM SR-1 and ...

    /content/dam/dcc/documents/en-us/app...propylene glycol fluids: viscosity and toxicity. Ethylene glycol-based glycol-based fluids. Therefore, they generally provide superior heat transfer efficiency and better low temperature performance and are preferred for most heat transfer applications. However, in applica-tions where toxicity is a concern, propylene glycol fluids are used ...

  • Kinematic viscosity of ethylene glycol/water solutions ...

    CachedAug 22, 2011 · Anyone know where I can find tables of kinematic viscosity for ethylene glycol / water solutions? I need to design a cooling system using a 50/50 mix @ 100C. Thanks in advance.


    Propylene-Glycol.pdfSolutions of both ethylene glycol (EG) and propylene glycol (PG) will effectively lower the freezing point of water and for most applications can be used interchangeably or even as mixtures of the two. While there are many minor variations in the properties between EG and PG solutions, there are two key differences which usually File Size: 27KBPage Count: 2

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